Six Things He Did On The Cross

Six Things He Did On The Cross

6 Achievements of Christ At His Death

T.G.I.F. It’s another wonderful day, a day of double blessings I call it. This is your day. Hope you had a good week? Thank God for mercies. In brief, I’m going itemize six things the Lord Jesus accomplished at His death. Here’s a very brief summary.

  1. Expiation: The Advanced English Dictionary defines it as “the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)” This means the removal of our sin and guilt. Christ’s death removed, Expiated our sin and guilt. The guilt of our sin was taken away from us and placed on Christ on the Cross of Calvary, who totally got rid of it by his death. I believe you already know that.

So, in John 1:29, John the Baptist calls Jesus “…the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” Jesus takes away, that is, expiates, our sins. Just like the prophet Isaiah stated “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Isaiah 53:6 and Hebrews 9:26 says “but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.”

  1. Propitiation: It is “the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity and the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing. Especially appeasing a deity” (The Advanced English Dictionary) Expiation refers to the removal of our sins, Propitiation refers to the removal of God’s wrath.

By dying in our place on the cross for our sins, Christ removed the wrath of God that we justly deserved. In fact, it goes even further: Propitiation is not simply a sacrifice that removes wrath, but a sacrifice that removes wrath and turns it into favour. It does not turn wrath into love. God already loved us fully, which is the reason He sent Christ to die. “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” Romans 5:8. It turns His wrath into favour so that His love may realize its purpose of doing good to us every day, in all things, forever, without sacrificing His justice and holiness.

Several passages speak of Christ’s death as a propitiation for our sins. Romans 3:25-26 says about Christ “Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.” God “displayed (Christ) publicly as the only propitiation for man through faith in His blood. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; for the demonstration of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of Him who has faith in Jesus.

1 John 4:10 says “Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.”

  1. Reconciliation: (The reestablishing of cordial relations – The Advanced English Dictionary) Expiation refers to the removal of our sins, and Propitiation refers to the removal of God’s wrath, Reconciliation refers to the removal of our alienation from God.

Because of our sins, we were alienated, separated, from God. Christ’s death removed this alienation and thus reconciled us to God. We see this, for example, in Romans 5:10-11 “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.”

  1. Redemption: (The act of delivering from sin or saving from evil -The Advanced English Dictionary) Our sins had put us in captivity from which we need to be delivered. The price that is paid to deliver someone from captivity is called a “ransom.” To say that Christ’s death accomplished redemption for us means that it accomplished deliverance from our captivity through the payment of a price.

There are three things we had to be released from: the curse of the law, the guilt of sin, and the power of sin. Christ redeemed us from each of these. “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.” Galatians 3:13-14. Christ redeemed us from the guilt of our sin. We are “Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God” Romans 3:24.

Christ redeemed us from the power of sin: “Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:” 1 Peter 1:18-19.

Note that we are not simply redeemed from the guilt of sin; to be redeemed from the power of sin means that our slavery to sin is broken. We are now free to live to righteousness. Our redemption from the power of sin is the basis of our ability to live holy lives: “For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.” 1 Corinthians 6:20.

  1. Defeat of the Powers of Darkness: Christ’s death was a defeat of the power of Satan. “And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.” Colossians 2:15. Satan’s only weapon that can ultimately hurt people is unforgiven sin. Christ took this weapon away from him for all who would believe, defeating him and all the powers of darkness in his death by, as the verse right before this says, “…you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross” Colossians 2:13-14.

6 All These Were Achieved By Dying As Our Substitute

The reality of substitution is at the heart of the atonement. Christ accomplished all of the above benefits for us by dying in our place, that is, by dying instead of us. We deserved to die, and He took our sin upon His own body and paid the penalty Himself.

This is what the verse in Romans 5:8 means. “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us He gave Himself for us “ I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.“ Galatians 2:20. As Isaiah says, “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Isaiah 53:5-6

You see the reality of substitution underlying all of the benefits discussed above, as the means by which Christ accomplished them. For example, substitution is the means by which we were ransomed: “…the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Matthew 20:28. Christ’s death was a ransom for us that is, instead of us. Paul wrote that “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:” Galatians 3:13.

Substitution is the means by which we were reconciled: “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:” 1 Peter 3:18. It is the means of Expiation: “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” 2 Corinthians 5:21 and Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.” 1 Peter 2:24. And by dying in our place, taking the penalty for our sins upon himself, Christ’s death is also the means of propitiation.

To conclude: Two implications. First, this is very humbling.

Second, “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” John 15:13.

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